One of the most important functions of the Old Testament is to reveal future prophetic fulfillment through historical events. The Old Testament stories were not only actual historical events, but were also a foreshadowing of things concerning Christ and his Kingdom. For example, Jesus would often refer to an Old Testament occurrence and then would reveal that it has fulfillment in him. Paul and other apostles did the same. Paul attributed his ability to link the two, to revelation from God. We must understand that as believers who have the ability to receive revelation and wisdom from the Holy Spirit, God can also reveal unto us such prophetic parallels between history and what is to come.
(Typology) Prophetic Parallel Examples:
We know that Jonah was in the large fish for three days and three nights. When speaking to the crowd, Jesus revealed to them that this was an outline of what will happen in his own life : “For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth” (Matt. 12:40). Therefore, from this we understand that there was symbolism through what happened in Jonah’s life. Why was he in the whale for three days? What was the significance of the time period? Well, as Jesus puts it, it was a prophetic parallel to the time frame that Jesus would be in hades after his death on the cross. It’s as if Jonah was a “type” of Jesus at certain points. Therefore, through examples like this, you will see that prophetic parallels can have symbolism from everything to the sequence of the historical event, to timeframe mentioned in the historical event.
See our Episode on The Prophetic Parallels of Jonah HERE
Moses is one of the most referenced Old Testament characters whose life events were used to reflect prophetic fulfillment. For starters, Jesus himself revealed that the Old Testament writings were more than good story telling. They were prophecies that had to be fulfilled. “He said to them, "This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms”(Luke 24:44). When Paul was referring to how Gentiles are now receiving grace from God through Christ, he used the words of Moses. Therefore, he showed that Moses was speaking not only to the audience during His time, but also in a prophetic sense for the future: “Again I ask: Did Israel not understand? First, Moses says, "I will make you envious by those who are not a nation; I will make you angry by a nation that has no understanding” (Romans 10:19). Paul also mentions the exodus as a historical example: Just as the Israelites turned against God in disobedience when they were in the wilderness, we as Christians are warned to not turn against God or we will suffer a similar fate as they did. Paul says the events that occurred with the Israelites and Moses happened so that we could apply them.
“For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers, that our forefathers were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea. They all ate the same spiritual food and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ. [Here Paul mentions that the rock mentioned in the OT scripture represented Christ] "Nevertheless, God was not pleased with most of them; their bodies were scattered over the desert. Now these things occurred as examples to keep us from setting our hearts on evil things as they did.--These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come” (1 Corinthians 10:1-11).
Furthermore, In 2 Corinthians, Paul mentions that Moses had a veil over his face after his encounter with God, –this represented how under the old covenant there is a veil over one’s heart. However, in Christ, under the new covenant, the veil is removed so that we can see the truth (2 Corinthians 3:13-16).
The author of Hebrews also shows how Moses was a “type” of Jesus. Hebrews shows that throughout the life of Moses, he did things that would be fulfilled in a similar way by Christ! Hebrews mentions how just as Moses was a mediator of the Old covenant as he brought commands from God to the people, Jesus is now the mediator of the NEW covenant:
“..To Jesus the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel” (Hebrews 12:24).
“Now Moses was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken later; but Christ was faithful as a Son over His house—whose house we are, if we hold fast our confidence and the boast of our hope firm until the end” (Hebrews 3:5-6). Here Hebrews again compares Moses as a type of prophetic parallel and example of Jesus.
See our episodes on Prophetic Parallels between Christ and Moses here:
Abraham: In Galatians, Paul mentions that the two sons of Abraham and their mothers have prophetic parallels as well: “For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave woman and the other by the free woman. His son by the slave woman was born in the ordinary way; but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a promise. These things may be taken figuratively, for the women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This is Hagar. Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her children. But the Jerusalem that is above is free, and she is our mother. --Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise. At that time the son born in the ordinary way persecuted the son born by the power of the Spirit. It is the same now. But what does the Scripture say? "Get rid of the slave woman and her son, for the slave woman's son will never share in the inheritance with the free woman's son." Therefore, brothers, we are not children of the slave woman, but of the free woman” (Galatians 4:22-31).
Promised Land: Hebrews mentions how the events of Joshua leading the Israelites into rest in the promised land, correlates to how Christ is leading us into the TRUE promised land.
Melchizedek: The author of Hebrews also reveals Melchizedek from the Old Testament as a prophetic parallel of Christ. Melchizedek was a King and a high priest. Likewise, Jesus is a King and our high priest. Melchizedek was the King of Salem. Salem means peace. And the messiah is referred to as the prince of peace. “where Jesus, who went before us, has entered on our behalf. He has become a high priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek” (Hebrews 6:20).
See our Melchizedek episode HERE
Noah: 1 Peter mentions how the story of Noah’s Ark contained prophetic parallels, in that it represented how we are saved through “water” as they were. “In the days of Noah while the ark was being built. In it only a few people, eight in all, were saved through water, and this water represents the baptism that now saves you also--not the removal of dirt from the body but the pledge of a good conscience toward God. It saves you by the resurrection of Jesus Christ” (1 Peter 3:20-21).
Many Scholars also note: Moses the lawgiver foreshadows Christ, the ultimate Lawgiver. Aaron, the High priest, foreshadows Christ, the ultimate High Priest etc... Also noted is how Moses rescued the Israelites from slavery of Egypt, which foreshadows to how Christ rescues believers from the dominion of Darkness. Also, as mentioned in Hebrews, scholars note that just as the desert experience was to test Israelites and prepare them for the promised land, today the people of God (the believer) are in the desert of the world so that we are tested and can prepare for our promised land, the Kingdom when Christ returns!
See our Episode on Jesus as the ultimate High Priest HERE
What we have seen here are examples of how the New Testament writers such as Paul, spoke concerning historical parallels that are fulfilled through Christ. Now, a four volume book could be written to examine the full plethora of Old Testament references and prophecies throughout the New Testament. I will spare you of reading that at this time. These mentioned here are only a small number of the prophetic parallels from the Old Testament. Nevertheless, in your reading of the scripture, realize that the Old Testament is about far more than stories…it is all about prophecy! You can find many parallels not even mentioned in the New Testament through David, Joshua, Joseph, Samson, and many others that all relate to Christ and even events that remain to be fulfilled. It’s one of the great mysteries of God, and only through prayer and revelation are these mysteries unveiled. Therefore, let us read the scripture understanding that we should take heed of what we can grasp regarding the prophetic fulfillment that has already occurred, AND that which is yet to come!
See our recent Elijah Prophetic Parallel Video HERE:
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Your brother in Christ, Jerren
AoC Network Narrator
See our Latest Episodes
 Eph 1:17, 3:3
 Jonah called the belly of the fish sheol (Jonah 2:2). Sheol is the land of the dead in Hebrew, in Greek the land of the dead is called Hades (Act 2:31- Hades is the word used for hell, this references Psalms 16:10, which uses sheol for hell instead of Hades) .
 One thing that we should learn from the exodus is that we should be faithful to God and not abandon him and his promises. Remember, during the 40 days that Moses was on the Sinai, they didn’t see miracles and wonders of God and began to rebel and doubt. During the 40 years of wandering in wilderness with no promised land in sight, they began to rebel and doubt. The ones who turned on God did not see the promised land. Well during these 40 jubilee years, we have our Leader on Mount Zion. It is easy to lose hope and wonder where he is and ask for signs and wonders. However, we must not doubt or lose faith. Rather, we are to persevere and remain faithful, and we will arrive in the promised land of the Kingdom at his return.
 Hebrews 3:8-19; 4:1-11
 Hebrews 7:1-28
 Isaiah 9:6
 Psalm 110:4
 Col 1:13