William Clifford Roberts, M.D. is an American physician specializing in cardiac pathology.
Given the area of absorptive intestinal mucosa to body size ratio, what we are evolutionarily equipped to adequately 1. digest 2. absorb 3. utilize and 4. eliminate is primarily #fruit as an ideal food source.
"In populations where many of our deadliest diseases are practically unknown, such as rural China and rural Africa, they’re eating huge amounts of whole plant foods, up to a 100 grams of fiber a day or more, which is what it’s estimated our Paleolithic ancestors were getting based on dietary analyses of modern-day primitive hunter-gatherer tribes and by analyzing coprolites, human fossilized feces. In other words, #paleo poop.
These most intimate of ancient human artifacts were often ignored or discarded during many previous archaeological excavations, but careful study of materials painstakingly recovered from human paleofeces says a lot about what ancient human dietary practices were like, given their incredibly high content of fiber, undigested plant remains. Such study strongly suggests that for over 99% of our existence as a distinct species, our gastrointestinal tract has been exposed to the selective pressures exerted by a fiber-filled diet of whole plant foods. So, for millions of years before the alleged "first stone tools and evidence of butchering," our ancestors were eating plants. But what kind of plants?
One way you can tell if animals are natural folivores or #frugivores is to map the area of absorptive mucosa in their gut ( area that is capable of adequately absorbing and utilizing nutrients of our food) versus their functional body size. (refer to image above) Folivores are those meant to eat mostly foliage—leaves, while frugivores are better designed to eat fruit. The faunivores, another name for carnivores, eat the fauna.
If you chart animals this way, they fall along distinctive lines. So, where do humans land? (refer to image above) Here’s our functional body size, and here’s our absorptive area. So, while eating our greens is important, it appears the natural dietary status of the human species is primarily that of a fruit-eater." - Dr Michael Greger- physician and lead nutritionist at NutritionFacts.org
It must be made crystal clear that what people (tribes, cultures, ancestors) eat and ATE is ENTIRELY INDEPENDENT of what we're designed (evolved, equipped ideally) to eat. For example, if tribes migrate(d) to a certain locale or are forced out of an ideal way of life due to cataclysm etc, (such as leaving fruit bearing tropical climates due to sea level rise in ancient prehistory as seen from underwater megalithic stone temples from around the world) then that doesnt mean their way of life currently is the most ideal that the body thrives on, such as "paleo" diet or atkins diet or other FAD BULLSHIT low carb, high fat diets that are EXTREMELY HARMFUL AS CITED CONCLUSIVELY. "Atkins Diet: Trouble Keeping It Up, discusses a case report of a man who went on a low carb diet, lost his ability to have an erection, and nearly lost his life. That was just one person, though. Researchers at Harvard recently looked at one hundred thousand people and concluded that low carb diets were “associated with higher all-cause mortality, higher cardiovascular disease mortality, and higher cancer mortality.
Conclusion: "A low-carbohydrate diet based on animal sources was associated with higher all-cause mortality in both men and women, whereas a vegetable-based low-carbohydrate diet was associated with lower all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality rates."
High carb, low fat LIFESTYLES are associated with the LOWEST risk and actually REVERSE all cause mortality rates.
"Food combining is a science unto itself. Many people don’t necessarily pay attention to how they combine their food. But believe it or not, how we eat is just as important, if not more important, as what we eat.
When we look at our dinner plate, we rarely think about how the food will be broken down or how the body will utilize the food as energy and repair sources. Many times people defeat the purpose of eating “healthy” if they are wrongly combining the foods they eat. Poor food combination can have serious, dangerous and long-lasting negative affects on your GI tract as well as your body ecology. Poor food combination goes beyond uncomfortable bloating and gas. These are only the initial symptoms to a larger phenomena occurring.
There are two most commonly recognized patterns of dysbiosis associated with poor food combining, putrefaction and fermentation. Dysbiosis refers to a condition with micro-bacterial imbalances on or within the body. Dysbiosis is mostly associated with the digestive tract. A number of inflammatory diseases within the bowel or involving skin and connective tissue have been reported in association with dysbiosis."
The further from fruit we get, the higher the risk and rate of mortality, and THAT is survival of "the fittest" (least risk for self induced mortality, most in tune, or SYMBIOTIC with our environment)........
like i said, not everything is touched on in this brief article, i just ant to highlight the main aspect, for further proof and attributed information on this study see the references below and keep searching. ;)
D J Jenkins, C W Kendall, A Marchie, A L Jenkins, P W Connelly, P J Jones, V Vuksan. The Garden of Eden--plant based diets, the genetic drive to conserve cholesterol and its implications for heart disease in the 21st century. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2003 Sep;136(1):141-51.
B L Turner, A L Thompson. Beyond the Paleolithic prescription: incorporating diversity and flexibility in the study of human diet evolution. Nutr Rev. 2013 Aug;71(8):501-10.
M Nestle. Paleolithic diets: a sceptical view. Nutrition Bulletin 25.1 (2000) 43-47.
M Konner, S B Eaton. Paleolithic nutrition: twenty-five years later. Nutr Clin Pract. 2010 Dec;25(6):594-602.
K Milton. Back to basics: why foods of wild primates have relevance for modern human health. Nutrition. 2000 Jul-Aug;16(7-8):480-3.
K Milton. Hunter-gatherer diets-a different perspective. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Mar;71(3):665-7.
A R Walker. Are health and ill-health lessons from hunter-gatherers currently relevant? Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Feb;73(2):353-6.
1. Collens WS. Atherosclerotic disease: an anthropologic theory. Medical Counterpoint. 1969;1:53–57.
2. Roberts WC. We think we are one, we act as if we are one, but we are not one. Am J Cardiol. 1990;66:896. [PubMed]
W C Roberts. The Cause of Atherosclerosis. Nutr Clin Pract October 2008 vol. 23 no. 5 464-467.
Twenty questions on atherosclerosis: William Clifford Roberts, M.D., M.A.C.C. (September 11, 1932 – ) is an American physician specializing in cardiac pathology.
Humans are Frugivores – We’re Designed To Eat Mostly Fruit
The Comparative Anatomy of Eating by Milton R. Mills, M.D http://www.scribd.com/doc/94656/The-Comparative-Anatomy-of-Eating
G S Frost, G E Walton, J R Swann, A Psichas, A Costabile, L P Johnson, M Sponheimer, G R Gibson, T G Barraclough. Impacts of plant-based foods in ancestral hominin diets on the metabolism and function of gut microbiota in vitro. MBio. 2014 May 20;5(3):e00853-14.
21 articles on Early Human Diet