39 books in most Christian Bibles.
The name stands for the original promise with
God (to the descendants of Abraham in particular) prior to the coming of
Jesus Christ in the New Testament (or the new promise).
The Old Testament contains the creation of the
universe, the history of the patriarchs, the exodus from Egypt,
the formation of Israel as a nation, the
subsequent decline and fall of the nation, the Prophets (who spoke for
God), and the Wisdom Books.
The New Testament is a collection of 27 books, usually placed
after the Old Testament in most Christian Bibles.
The name refers to the new covenant (or promise)
between God and humanity through the death and resurrection of Jesus
The New Testament chronicles the life and
ministry of Jesus, the growth and impact of the early church, and
instructive letters to early churches.