.......FORGIVE....... (WHAT DOES IT MEAN?)
Old Testament meanings
—Hebrew meanings
H3722* בבר {kapar}- a primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel:—appease, make atonement, make an atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, purge, purge away, put off, reconcile, make reconciliation.
*(only apply to Jer 18:23)

H5375 נשא {nasa}
or. נסה {nasa}- (Ps 4:6 [7]),a primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively (as follows):— accept, advance, arise, bear, able to bear, armourbearer, suffer to bear, bear up, bring, bring forth, burn, carry, carry away, cast, contain, desire, ease, exact, exalt, exalt salt, extol, fetch, forgive, furnish, further, give, go on, help, high, hold up, honourable, +honourable man, lade, lay, lift up, lift self up, lofty, marry, magnify, needs, obtain, pardon, raise, raise up, receive, regard, respect, set, set up, spare, stir up, swear, take, take away, utterly, wear, yield.

H5545 סלח {salah}- a primitive root; to forguve:— forgive, pardon, spare.

New Testament meanings
—Greek meanings
G863 άφίημι {aphiemi}- from *G575 and
ϊημι {hiemi} (to send, an intensive form of
εΐμι {eimi}- to go) to send forth, in various applications (as follow):— cry, forgive, forsake, lay aside, leave, let (alone, be, go, have), omit, put (send) away, remit, suffer, yield up.

*G575 άπό {apo}- a primary particle; "off," i.e. away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literal or figurative). In compounds (as a prefix) it usually denotes seperartion, departure, cessation, completion, reversal, etc.:— after, hereafter, ago, at, because of, before, by(the space of), for, forth, from, in, (out) of, off, upon, once, since, with.

G5483** χαρίςομαι {charizomai}- middle from *G5485; to grant as favor, i.e. gratuitously, in kindness, pardon, or rescue:— deliver, (frankly) forgive, (freely) give, grant.

*G5485 χάρις {chairs}- from *G5463; graciousness (as gratifying), or manner or act (abstract or concrete; literal, figurative or spiritual; especially the divine influence upon the heart, and it's reflection in the life; including gratitude) :— acceptable, benefit, favour, gift, grace, gracious, joy, liberality, pleasure, thank, thanks, thankworthy.

*G5463 χαίρω {chairo}- a primitive verb; to be cheerful, i.e. calmly happy or well-off; impersonally especially as salutation (on meeting or parting), be well:— farewell, be glad, God speed, greeting, hail, joy, joyfully, rejoice.
**(2 Cor 2:7; 2:10; 12:13)

I do understand that was quite extensive, however the act to "forgive" likewise is so also.

Remember it was not until Genesis 50:17 before this act was finally shown to man kind. Well in the NT the first time Jesus discussed said to forgive was in the "Lords Prayer" Matthew 6:12. Then it forgiveness was defined in depth in Matthew 6:14,15. And that is where this study begins.

Why do we need to forgive? And ESPECIALLY why do Christians need to forgive? It is so simple, yet because it is rarely practiced it has became very difficult to do. If people could only understand that forgiveness and forgiving was not to make others happy; but it's to make their own selves happy.

Before I explain, please read Matthew 6:14,15. Here I will put it exactly as it is in my 1975 KJV Holy Bible.

14) "For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you:
15) But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses."
*Notice the spacing in verse 15, it is highly important to recognize this space for it puts extreme emphasis upon understanding!!

Ok so let's disect these verses to understand them.

Because of the work that was done on the cross.
The entire account of Jesus is recorded on the Bible. I know at times we have doubt. But that is why it says to meditate on His word day and night, so then we can see the truth.
As you read the stories of the OT at times you will see the NT and the Gospel.
That is what Matthew 24:12-14 is talking about when it is written "the kingdom of heaven shall be preached as a WITNESS".

However worries do come and they weigh heavily. But Jesus told us to cast them worries upon Him for they are heavy, and to take His yoke for it is light.

The word FORGIVE is made of two words.
"For" a prefix of "forward" - a time that is to come.
"Give" - to release possession of something to someone.
So to forward our giving of burdens and worries to him takes that doubt from us and sets us free..

No it's not easy, however, we do so in faith and by faith in grace. For without that grace we are just as the condemned angels: banished to hell.
Praise God He has giving us a way back in return to Him.

Now here is the importance of forgiveness.

If we forgive other including ourselves, then we are truly representing the acts of Jesus: Gods mercy, within us; for we are His temple and He resides within us....

However if we do not forgive other nor ourselves, we are separating ourselves from Him. The reason for the separation is because the Father and Son are merciful and forgiving to ALL, so if we are not then He CAN NOT do the same for us NOR CAN He dwell within us.

•Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, (updated and expanded edition)/ ©2007Hendrickson Publishers, Inc./ISBN978-1-59856-378-8

K. Timpe