This week we cover - Backyard Breeders- What does that mean? Why is that a bad thing?
Backyard breeder is a term used to describe amateur Animal Breeder whose breeding is considered substandard, with little or misguided effort towards ethical, selective breeding Unlike puppy mills and other animal mill operations, backyard breeders breed on a small scale, usually at home with their own pets (hence the "backyard" description), and may be motivated by things other than monetary profit, such as curiosity, to gain new pets, or to show children "the miracle of birth".
The term most often is used to describe certain types of breeders of dogs and horses. The term is used in this sense by the Animal Welfare community, The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), larger established breeders and breed clubs in contrast to the more positive term, "reputable breeder" that describes operations that use responsible methodology and practices.
It implies either or both of home breeding for non-commercial reasons or a for-profit small commercial operation that does not adhere to good breeding, care and sale practices. Larger commercial operations of a similar type that breed dogs are usually termed a puppy mill (especially in North America) or puppy farm. However, as large kennels usually require licensing, many puppy mills are licensed with the USDA.
Many small breeders resent the term and its use. Some do so because they assert that they run small but high-quality "boutique" operations. Others argue that their unregistered animals are highly desirable as companion animals and economical for ordinary people to purchase. Both groups deny that they contribute to low quality within the registered breed or produce unwanted animals.
Backyard breeders have no intention of ensuring the dogs health. Usually they breed two pets who they deem "cute" and want to make 'cute babies' with. This can lead to a huge amount of health problems, such as knee, eye, and conformation. These lead to unhealthy and unhappy lives of both pet and new parents. They also have very little interest in the health of the bitch. Back yard breeders will breed a bitch just as soon as the first batch of pups are about 6-8weeks old and on solid food. They rarely add the additional dietary supplements needed during pregnancy, and they don't pay attention to the wear and tear on the bitches body.