There are many different legends about this mysterious pagoda. But the legend most often transmitted by many people is the story about TaikTha, a hermit. During his visit to the Earth, the Buddha gave a privilege to a committee of monks to protect and preserve Buddhist treasures. The Buddha also graciously agreed to give them a sacred hair. One of the monks kept the Buddha's hair carefully in his boundless happiness. At the time of his death, he was warned by the King of Heaven. He wished to hand over the relic to his adopted child, King Tissa. After a long consideration, he decided to give the hair, but under the circumstance that the relic is stored in a rock in the shape of his head.
The King of Heaven agreed and went to the coast to look for a rock similar to his head and put it on a cliff. Then he created a hole so that the monk could place the sacred relic there. The monk was very happy and gave the relic of the Buddha respectfully. Thus the king built a new pagoda above the relic.
This temple was named Kyaikhiyo whose word "Kyaik" means "pagoda" and "HiYo" means "monk's head." The whole means a temple located at the top of the monk.It is believed that thanks to the Buddha's hair, the Golden Rock has been in balance for hundreds of years.See more:
The Kyaikhiyo Pagoda or the Golden Rock is located on the mountain of the same name, 200 km from Yangon. This pagoda was built in 2500 BC. And it is also one of the three most important pagodas to visit during Burma tours.
Located on a large rock of the hill of the same name, Kyaikhiyo attracts tourists thanks to the pagoda as well as the rock covered with gold. No matter the time of day, when the sun is present, the pagoda is as bright as a corner of sky. Yet, in the night, the golden temple is even more brilliant and more magical under the reflection of lights.
The Kyaikhiyo Pagoda of Myanmar has many Buddha statues placed in a special environment. Some statues are encrusted with thousands of diamonds, precious stones, and bells cast from gold.
To come to worship Buddha and pray in the pagoda, people can only go by truck or walk through the forest to the foot of Mountain Kyaikhiyo. From the foot to the summit of the mountain, people must make the journey by road. On the way, there are no cables so you will have to rest by yourself. Of course, there is another way that will help you to spend less energy, which is by palanquin. It is a kind of hammock worn by four men. The visitor will sit in the middle. The price for each round is about 14USD, including 10 USD charge of the procession and 4 USD tip for men who carry you to the top of the pagoda. Normally it takes an hour to reach the summit.
Due to local traditions, the pagoda on the Golden Rock only allows men to approach near the rock and pagoda to pray or make a contribution to the pagoda. Women remain outside barriers.
Each day, the Kyaikhiyo Temple can accommodate hundreds of tourists and also groups of monks visiting the pagoda to beg for food.
According to the inhabitants of Myanmar, the pagoda on the Golden Rock is a sacred place. People who come here to pray and to admire the Buddha will be blessed. Therefore, if you have the opportunity to make the Myanmar travel, do not forget to visit the Kyaikhiyo Pagoda, one of the wonders of Southeast Asia.