Under the proposed ordinance, a "public place" includes streets, sidewalks, parks, plazas, bridges, front yards, backyards, driveways and more.
City Councilor John Leahy questioned whether the city would overstep by preventing someone from smoking marijuana on private property. "You can have a beer in your yard, so I'm not sure why people couldn't smoke in their yard," Leahy said.
A public hearing for this ordinance is set for May 29.
The council also approved recreational marijuana dispensary zoning regulations.
Recreational marijuana dispensaries will not be allowed to open within 500 feet of an elementary school, middle school, secondary school, or any school or collegewith students under 21 years old.
Some communities have voted to ban marijuana dispensaries, but the City Council has focused on zoning.
Lowell voters approved Question 4 on the 2016 ballot, which legalized recreational marijuana, by 56 to 44 percent.
In addition to the school regulation, the proposed zoning rules would prevent dispensaries from opening within 1,000 feet of each other. They also could not have any walk-up or drive-through service.
Further, the building must be designed to prevent marijuana odors from leaving the property line. Also, marijuana and tobacco products cannot be smoked, ingested or otherwise consumed in the building.
The applicant will have to submit a security plan that must be approved by the Lowell Police Department.
The City Council also on Tuesday accepted a state law that imposes an excise tax on retail marijuana sales.
The maximum established tax rate by statute is 3 percent of total sales.