Recently I've had a lot of folks asking if I'm "doing any training to prepare" ahead of Mars One's next selection phase, and I tell them that every single thing I've done since I heard about Mars One in early September 2012 has been about preparing for life on Mars. What they really mean though is "Are you trying to get as physically fit as possible?". The truth is I'm not even remotely as fit as I was in my mid-20's training with the Royal Marine Commandos, and right now I don't want to be.
I'll say this as gently as I can: the commandos need physically fit and tough folks to carry heavy things and follow orders - there wasn't a huge demand for higher level reasoning, problem solving, or creativity. So while I was preparing in Australia my writing and comedy both quickly tapered off, and once I started training in the UK they disappeared entirely. It's not a bad thing - it's just what often happens when you're doing something incredibly physically & emotionally demanding that doesn't require the same from you mentally or creatively.
Finding some balance didn't even start till more than a year after I'd left the military. In late 2011, just after I'd written my first comedy show, I stumbled across James Altucher's blog and read an article with the very click-bait-ey title "How to be THE LUCKIEST GUY ON THE PLANET in 4 Easy Steps". While I've continued to read and share some of his other articles in the years since, what has always stuck with me most is the 4-part Daily Practice that James describes: doing something each day that's Physical, Mental, Emotional, and Spiritual.
No matter what is going on in my life, provided I work on each of these 4 areas a little each day things have always gotten better. So with that in mind I've broken my preparation for Mars One selection down the same way!
When I was preparing for the Commandos using a 12 Week Program designed to prepare people for the US Navy SEALs, I was spending about an hour in the pool and another 2 hours in the gym/running 6 days a week - I've never been as fit in my life. But while I'm a big believer in the "Healthy Body, Healthy Mind" creedo, right now I really don't need to be running 50+km a week, swimming 20+km a week, or punching out hundreds of push-ups & chin-ups a day like I used to. It's not just physically exhausting, it's also creatively exhausting and time consuming.
Now I do one hour on the rowing and weight machines each afternoon, and that's mainly for clearing the mental cobwebs after a morning of writing so I can get the creative juices flowing again for new article ideas. When Mars One's selection is 3-4 months away I'll step things up, putting Stew Smith's "12 Weeks To BUD/S" program to good use again so I can exceed the following physical goals before selection starts:
- Run 2.4km in <10mins: , aiming <9:30, Personal Best 8:48
- Run 5km in <25mins: , aiming <22:30, Personal Best 21:03
- 100 Situps in <2mins: Currently ~80, aiming 120+, Personal Best 125
- 15 Pullups in <2mins: Currently ~13, aiming 20+, Personal Best 17
- 25m Underwater in <30sec: , aiming 50m in <50sec, Personal Best 75m in <55sec
- 500m sidestroke in <10mins: Uncertain - not recently tested, aiming for <9:30, Personal Best 8:15
Being fit is great, but for now I'm better served by focusing more on eating and drinking healthier than I have been.
One of the downsides of having been intensely active in the past was seeing food purely as fuel, eating absolutely whatever I wanted, and the huge temptation to over-eat rich foods when I'm not currently burning as much. Over the last few years I've been been experimenting with different eating habits, and now with the help of fellow Mars One candidate & body-hacker Dianne McGrath I'm looking seriously at trialing a ketogenic diet. I've always tended to avoid bread and sugar where I could anyway, this just means being much more disciplined about it. I'm still enjoying plenty of meats and eggs too before we have to go mostly vegan on Mars - I love my family, but I'd be lying if I didn't say I think I'll miss bacon more.
Changing the type of coffee I drink has been one of the most interesting shifts though. I grew up convinced everyone drank terrible instant coffee with milk and two sugars: we even called it "Standard NATO" in the Army. With the introduction of a coffee machine at my parents a few years back, an ill-advised soy latte experiment in 2015 when I moved to Melbourne, and developing a taste for Long Black/Americano in Israel last year (mostly because we couldn't get milk) - it's safe to say my "writer's fuel" will become permanently keto-friendly in the next few weeks.
In late 2013 I went to the Netherlands for a Mars One conference, staying for 5 weeks with the girlfriend I'd met in September 2012 literally days before I first discovered Mars One. It's safe to say I put that frankly amazing woman through emotional hell, for the simple fact I'd promised to leave her for a cold and unloving planet over 56 million kilometers away within weeks of meeting her... and I made it even worse during the 2013 trip by unexpectedly disappearing every hour or so . When she would eventually find me, I'd be squirreled away in some corner reading on my tablet: completely lost to the world with a paper about Martian crustal magnetism or a textbook on space engineering design.
Folks ask me now how I'm so comfortable answering technical questions in interviews - much of that is practice doing interviews, but most don't realise the shear amount of reading I've done over the last 4 years. That ex-girlfriend endured the absolute worst of it because at the time I felt so out of my depth whenever I was asked a question about something I had publicly dedicated my life to. I barely stopping reading for that first year, and I still spend a huge amount of time every day pouring through books and papers to stay up to date.
These days my efforts are a lot more focused though. While there's new research being released all the time related to both Mars and human spaceflight, that obsessive amount of reading in the first year has now made it fairly easy to glean the important details from papers quickly. It's also made it easy to recognise and avoid a lot of the sensational nonsense you hear that often sounds like a huge breakthrough in human spaceflight, but usually isn't even remotely relevant to colonising Mars the way it might be reported.
Mars One have provided the remaining 100 candidates with an official study list that includes the Paragon ECLSS design study; 3 parts of the "Food For Mars" series, and extracts from the Mars One book on technology, space medicine, politics, and improvisation. Obviously studying the Astronaut Requirements, as well as Dr Kraft's articles on Screening from 100 to 24 and his Astronaut Selection Process Q&A are critical too.
I've also put together my own list of books, papers and articles to read, and there's several online courses I've been checking in with too. What I'm finding most useful however is taking all that I've learnt over the last few years and distilling the most interesting and relevant parts into my book. "Becoming Martian" is all about the human side of colonising Mars - not the technology, but how we will be changed by the journey to and settlement of Mars - and collating, editing and rephrasing everything I've learnt into that human story is turning into the best mental "study" for the next Mars One selection I could have dreamed of... I just need to edit and publish the damn thing so other people can finally read it!
The absolute best thing about signing up for Mars One has been how every step of the way it's forced me to be more me. Truly coming to terms with leaving Earth behind forever in your mid 40's means assessing what you're doing every day and asking yourself some really tough questions. In the past I might have been inclined to work a job I wasn't happy in, or stayed in a relationship that was unhealthy, or collected things that were nice but didn't have a deeper purpose to me. Not any more - there's not enough room for emotional uncertainty in those areas when you're facing something like this.
So I ask myself questions that many people never actually ask, or ever have to answer with any conviction:
- No. Would I want a house and car if I wasn't selected for Mars One? Probably not - I'd much rather travel around on adventures, seeing more of this planet while I find another way to get to Mars. Maybe I could buy a campervan and travel around, but if I'm just wandering the Earth then I'd actually rather walk. What do I really need If I'm travelling all the time? Not much apparently, because everything I own fits in a carry-on size backpack and a ukulele bag.
- No - I'm too busy travelling around speaking to kids about space exploration. Would I want a regular job if I wasn't selected for Mars One? Still no, because I'd still be trying to find another way to Mars, and I've never had a "regular" job anyway! Maybe I could work for someone else who's trying to get to Mars, or start my own space industry business and buy a ticket to Mars instead of a house.
- No. Would I want a family if I wasn't selected for Mars One? Still nope. What if I fall in love with someone who wants kids? I can love them and still not be interested in raising kids, plus colonising Mars is going to help benefit humanity more than any relationship would. What if you donated sperm and didn't have to raise the offspring kid? Sure, knock yourself out! I signed up to be a sperm donor because while I don't want kids there are people who desperately do want them and can't, so I'm happy to help provided I don't have to stick around on Earth to look after them!
Since 2011, writing comedy shows has been the best way for me to process what's going on emotionally. However last year's "Cosmic Nomad" - about how signing up for a one-way mission to Mars has already changed the way I see life on Earth - felt like it truly processed everything that had built up over the last 4 years. Cosmic Nomad "closed the circle" on a lot of things, while still leaving the door open to perform the show again (obviously with updates and tweaks) if the opportunity and desire to perform is there... rather than starting from scratch to write another new show.
The core messages that built "Cosmic Nomad" inform how I experience life emotionally, and I'm striving to practice each of them each day not just for Mars One selection but for life generally:
- Honesty applies to what you say to yourself and what you say to others. Always do your best, and act with integrity. I'm not deliberately an asshole (I used to be), but if I'm only going to be on this planet for a short while also I don't have the time or energy to bullshit people to protect their feelings. Say what you mean, and ask for help if you need it.
- This feeds into the point about being honest, but I definitely don't have time to do things I don't want to do. My goal is making humanity a dual-planet species. I'm not interested in spending time and energy doing things that don't support that goal just because other people might expect me to. Fuck your expectations - I'm doing this for the species.
- I use a rule of thirds when it comes to telling people I've just met about Mars One: 1/3 are overwhelmingly excited & interested in it, 1/3 don't really care, and 1/3 absolutely hate it. I'm happy to talk to anyone about what Mars One is trying to achieve and why it's vital to our species... but I don't have the time or energy to convince a friend what I'm doing is interesting. I'm too busy doing that for the general public already.
- The same as the point above, but the stakes are much higher. There's a great quote from Anna Kendrick's book Scrappy Little Nobody about relationships: "Something amazing happened to me when I hit my mid 20s' - I stopped liking guys who didn’t like me back". Putting humanity on Mars is what I live and breathe everyday: if that's not what you love about me, I'm going to figure that out pretty quick and walk away. I've had more practice at this in the last 4 years than I really wanted, but I've also never regretted leaving anyone for Mars.
- If you can't pack a carry-on bag and live out of it indefinitely while travelling around the world, how are you going to survive living on Mars for the rest of your life with a lunchbox of personal items? Because that's all the astronauts heading to the space station can take - a lunchbox that weighs less that 1kg. Ask yourself what you actually need day-to-day, test that by travelling, and constantly try to reduce what you carry while finding smaller & lighter solutions to everything. For example, I haven't worn underwear in well over a decade - you're welcome.
- If you're unfamiliar with the phrase, spend 3 minutes making your life better. I'm all for second chances, but don't keep going back to people and situations that you left for a reason. Walk away from shitty people/situations, take the risk of leaving the known and accepting whatever happens next, and don't go back to people/situations you left assuming they've changed just because you have. Carrying everything you own makes walking away a lot easier, while keeping a journal helps you learn from your mistakes and serves as a reminder not to go back to the carpet store.
There's a huge amount of cross-over between all four of the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual segments: running falls under "Physical", but it also helps me think of new ideas (Mental), allows time to process things that might have upset me (Emotional), and I'll often have a perspective changing realisation during my cool-down when I'm processing what popped into my head during the run. That last bit is what I categorise under "Spiritual": the philosophy underlying everything else you're doing. There's obviously a lot of cross over with the "Emotional" side of things, but that's because my emotions are now informed by my philosophy that humanity becoming a dual-planet species is bigger than anything else in my life, my family or friend's lives, my country or even my global region - it's something for ALL of humanity.
That's why it's really hard for me to give a shit about who won the cricket world cup, when I think "national identity" itself is a fairly pointless exercise.
I'm always looking at how to cultivate my spiritual philosophy further though. I've had a steady interest in Zen Buddhism since my teens, mostly because it's absolutely no-nonsense and it cuts through all the ritual of other philosophies to cultivate pure awareness. Likewise with Stoicism, it's all about seeing things as they truly are by flipping a problem as well as your perspective. Things aren't good or bad - they just are, and the better you understand the world you're in the better you'll handle whatever "problems" life throws at you.
In keeping with that I've put together a reading list that reinforces that philosophy, while also helping cultivate it further through practice:
- by David Schiller - As of yesterday, this and my battered copy of "101 Things To Do Before You Die" are now the only physical books I own, because I posted away my copy of "The Way of F**k It - Small Book, Big Wisdom" to a friend, and everything else is on my e-reader. I've had this book over 12 years now, but it's short and simple collection of zen sayings and koans is timeless. It's perfect for just opening up randomly when you first wake, reading whatever pops out at you, and then jumping out of bed to meditate on it.
- by Margot Morrell - I study this book as much for it's direct leadership lessons as I do to understand Shackleton's philosophy. Early 1900's Antarctic exploration is probably one of the best psychological parallels we have to a Human Mars mission, and as my philosophy becomes more and more about doing rather than discussing or contemplating I'm realising Shackleton's leadership came from a strong crew-focused philosophy, and through practice that philosophy eventually informed every element of his life.
- by Ryan Holiday - This book has been my introduction to Stocism as a formal philosophy, and I've immediately appreciated it's practicality. The tone is pretty harsh at times, but I get why the author has taken that approach - plenty of folks need a hard shove to break out of their existing lifestyle and perspective. After reading this I've also put "Letters From a Stoic" by Seneca and "Meditations" by Marcus Aurelius on my reading list - looking forward to the wisdom they both share.
- How to be perfectly unhappy and "It's going to be okay" by the Oatmeal - The Oatmeal is more commonly known making comics about cats and bears, but two of his more recent comics have really hit home for me and I find myself re-reading them regularly. "How to be perfectly unhappy" is the rejection of the idea of seeking "happiness" and replacing it with a deep-seated drive to be interested in the universe - it's the perfect kick in the ass when I'm feeling "unhappy" about something.
"It's going to be okay" shares the story of Gene Roddenberry co-piloting a plane that crashed into the Syrian desert, before he went on to become the creator of Star Trek. I've never been a huge fan of Star Trek (the new films are great, but the ear worm scene in Wrath of Khan scarred me as a 9 year old) but I see a lot of similarities between Gene Roddenberry's diverse and eventful life and my own. This story is an example of Gene's best qualities shining through in a horrendous situation, and reading it reminds me when things have gone horribly wrong for me in the past my best qualities have shone too.
As I mentioned earlier the four different physical, mental, emotional and spiritual aspects overlap all the time, and what I'm realising is that the more I integrate these aspects together the more fully integrated I am as a person generally.
While Mars One lists the personality traits they're seeking in astronaut candidates as Resilience, Adaptability, Curiosity, Ability to Trust, and Creativity/Resourcefulness, the one aspect that over-arches all of that is a candidate's capability for self-reflection. The better you are at looking at and understanding your own behaviours, attitudes, strengths and weaknesses; the better you'll understand yourself as an integrated human being. The best self-reflectors fully understand and can articulate why colonising Mars is so important, and why each of us is willing to dedicate and risk our lives to the goal of making humanity a dual-planet species.
I'm incredibly grateful that my experience self-reflecting on my diverse life experiences - then distilling them into comedy - has helped me work out why this is so important. In the process I've also become 1 of the 100 people shortlisted for the first human mission to Mars, but getting to that next shortlist of just 24 candidates to start training will take a whole new level of commitment and preparation - I'm excited for the challenges the rest of 2017 will bring.
Finally for my Patron supporters, you can see how I remind myself every day about ALL of this with just one handy journal printout by following this link.